Use of geometry in Islamic painting

Intricate braided and interlaced patterns, called plaits are found in late Roman art in many parts of Europe, in mosaic floors and other media. Coptic manuscripts and textiles of 5th- and 6th-century Christian Egypt are decorated with broad-strand ribbon interlace ornament bearing a "striking resemblance" to the earliest types of knotwork found in the Insular art manuscripts of the British Isles. The Petronas like other major architecture found in South Eastern Asia countries uses geometry found in the creation of religious manuscripts. Malaysia is considered a Muslim/Islamist state so major architectural works such as the Petronas must conform to this belief. Designs and patterns of the entrance halls' foyer reflect traditional handicrafts and 'songket', or weaving. In addition, the wall panels and screens are also inspired by hardwood carvings from the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. The floor designs are based on intricate patterns of pandan weaving and bertam palm wall matting.


Hindu Chakra Symbols


Also known as the crown chakra located at the top of the head. Its function is understanding. It’s inner state is bliss. Its color is violet. Its planet is Uranus. Its stone is amethyst. Its meditation is: I understand Balancing this chakra is said to give vitality to the cerebrum and affects the development of psychic abilities. Energies: air, meditative,intuition,promotes thought.


Located in the center of the forehead above the eyebrows. Its function is seeing, intuiting It’s inner state is I know. Its color is indigo and it’s planet Jupiter. Its stone is lolite. Its meditation is I see. Balancing this chakra helps psychic perception and balances the pineal gland. Energies: air, intuition, meditative, promotes thought.


located in the throat Its function is communication creativity. Its inner state is synthesis of ideas into symbols. Its color is bright blue and its planets Mercury and Neptune. Its stones are: sodaline, blue lace agate, lapis lazuli, meditation on: I speak.Balancing this chakra is important for the speech communication centers the brain. Energies: water, calming, soothing, and relaxing.


Heart chakra located in the center of the chest. Its Function is: love. its inner state is compassion love, its color-is green and its planet is Venus. Its stones are: green/pink Rose quartz. Meditation on: I love. Balancing this chakra is important for the circulatory system, heart and thymus. It also affects spiritual love, compassion and universal oneness. Energies: Water, calming, soothing, relaxing.


Solar Plexus chakra located in the area above the naval area. Its function is will. power, its inner state is laughter, joy, anger, its color is yellow. and its planets are Mars and Sun. Its stones are: Amber Topaz and Citrine. Meditation on: I do. Balancing this chakra is associated with calming emotions and frustration. easing, tension and helping to better utilize intuition. Energies: fire, charging, lends energy.


Navel/Sacral chakra located in the lower abdomen, genitals, womb, its function is desire, sexuality, pleasure, procreation. Its inner state is tears its color is orange and its celestial body is the moon. Its stones are coral and carnelian. Meditation on I feel. Balancing this chakra is associated with sexual vitality, physical power and fertility. Energies: fire, charging.


Root/support chakra located at the base of the spine. It’s function is survival and grounding. Its inner state is stillness and stability. It’s color is red and its planets are earth and saturn. Its stones are garner, ruby, onyx and obsidian. Meditation on I am Balancing this chakra gives energy to the physical body control fear increases overall health and helps in grounding. Energies: earth, grounding, focusing and centering.